The nobel prize was founded by the Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman and philanthropist in 1895.
There are in total six different prizes that will annually be awarded to those who, during the preceding year, have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Each laureate receives a gold medal, a diploma and a monetary award.
Albert Nobel (21.10.1833 – 10.12.1896)
To the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations and the abolition or reduction of standing armies.
To the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics.
To the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction.
To the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine.
To the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement.
Based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the Bank’s 300th anniversary.